Correlación entre trastornos afectivos en padres y el funcionamiento cognitivo de niños y adolescentes en Caldas-Colombia
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Agudelo-Hernández, A. F., De la Portilla Maya, S., Delgado-Reyes, A. C., Sánchez López, J. V., & Cardona Porras, L. F. (2020). Correlación entre trastornos afectivos en padres y el funcionamiento cognitivo de niños y adolescentes en Caldas-Colombia. Tesis Psicológica, 16(1), 1-29. https://doi.org/10.37511/tesis.v16n1a7

Resumen

Antecedentes: La depresión, puede afectar el funcionamiento social y emocional de los padres, haciéndolos menos disponibles para sus hijos. Los niños y adolescentes con madres deprimidas tienen mayores alteraciones en la atención, funciones ejecutivas, memoria de trabajo y toma de decisiones, con impacto a nivel socioemocional y escolar.  Objetivo: evaluar la relación entre los trastornos afectivos en cuidadores principales y el funcionamiento cognitivo en niños y adolescentes.  Metodología: Investigación de tipo descriptivo correlacional, de carácter transversal. Muestra: 171 niños y adolescentes del programa Manizales Elige la Vida, con sus padres o cuidadores: 120 con dificultades afectivo-comportamentales y 51 sin estas dificultades. Instrumentos: PHQ-9 para cuidadores y protocolo de evaluación adaptado de la evaluación neuropsicológica infantil (ENI), Trail Making test y prorrateo de la escala de inteligencia WISC-IV. Resultados: 39% de los cuidadores presentaron síntomas depresivos agudos. En cuanto a la correlación entre depresión en cuidadores (medidos con el PHQ-9) y las variables de las pruebas neuropsicológicas de los niños, se encontró asociación significativa entre alteraciones en funciones atencionales, ejecutivas y de rendimiento cognitivo: Dígitos en regresión (p= 0,0022), TMT-A (p= 0,024) y Cancelación de letras (p= 0,024) Conclusiones: Se encontró asociación entre síntomas depresivos agudos en cuidadores, y alteración de la atención y funciones ejecutivas en niños, así como también, una asociación entre rendimiento cognitivo del niño y antecedentes de familiares con trastornos afectivos.

https://doi.org/10.37511/tesis.v16n1a7
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