Efecto de la instrucción de estrategias cognitivas en la precisión del monitoreo metacognitivo de los alumnos universitarios estadounidenses
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Gutierrez de Blume, A. P. (2020). Efecto de la instrucción de estrategias cognitivas en la precisión del monitoreo metacognitivo de los alumnos universitarios estadounidenses. Tesis Psicológica, 15(2), 1-29. https://doi.org/10.37511/10.37511/tesis.v15n2a9

Resumen

Antecedentes: El monitoreo, como componente de regulación de la metacognición, es un aspecto esencial del aprendizaje autorregulado. El monitoreo se reconoce como la capacidad del alumno para comprender con éxito lo que está aprendiendo y, por lo general, implica actividades metacognitivas como preguntas, reflexiones, inferencias y retroalimentación autogenerada. Sin embargo, pocos estudios hasta la fecha han examinado la influencia de la capacitación en estrategias cognitivas para la precisión del monitoreo metacognitivo de los alumnos. Objetivo: La presente investigación exploró el efecto del capacitación en estrategias cognitivas para la precisión del monitoreo metacognitivo de los alumnos universitarios de Estados Unidos (N = 62) después de la intervención, mientras que se controlaba estadísticamente la precisión del monitoreo previo a la intervención, para ello, se empleó un diseño de investigación experimental. Metodología: Los alumnos fueron asignados al azar al grupo de entrenamiento de estrategias (n = 31) o al grupo de control (n = 31). Resultados: Resultados revelaron que los alumnos expuestos a capacitación de estrategias cognitivas demostraron un monitoreo significativamente más preciso que los alumnos que formaron parte del grupo control, incluso después de ajustar la precisión del monitoreo antes de implementar la intervención. Conclusiones: Los profesores de aula pueden emplear la capacitación de estrategias cognitivas específicas en su práctica diaria para mejorar los resultados del aprendizaje entre sus alumnos, y esta capacitación se puede realizar de forma sucinta, obviando así la necesidad de demasiado tiempo adicional.


https://doi.org/10.37511/10.37511/tesis.v15n2a9
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